|What is my sex:||Lady|
|Hair:||Curly gray hair|
Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. Lean Library can solve it. Dahlp.
Shades of ‘butch:’ in their own words
For this article, I conducted an online ethnography of femme Internet culture on Instagram. Indeed, sharing and even oversharing are the norms of social media Kennedy, You are worth it. The soft image from contemporary femme Internet culture still negotiates vulnerability, albeit a different kind: the vulnerability that comes with displays or admissions of emotional upset.
If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Femme is me. Eynon et al. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. In contexts where there is a higher expectation of privacy, the more like human subjects the online representations should be treated as opposed to treating them as texts ; conversely, the more public the online representations and expressions are, the more the posters and posts can be treated as authors and texts, rather than as human subjects.
Although users may not use technological means such as passwords to keep their posts and conversations hidden, this does not necessarily negate the expectation of privacy.
She said. Charting this discourse through Instagram, a platform that is visual and interactive, makes apparent that softness is both a politically informed aesthetic and a code of conduct in femme Internet culture. Several scholars have been critical of this position because it works to create a hierarchy between femme and femininity, and inadvertently privileges masculinity Galewski, ; Martin, ; McCann, b ; VanNewkirk, ; Walker, In embracing and utilizing feminized or soft traits like emotionality, vulnerability, and relationality, rather than seeking to subvert or resist them, I argue that soft femme theory offers a more nuanced and capacious understanding of the political potential of femininity.
Doing so has been affirming for Jaye, who is White, nonbinary, and femme, as well as Instagram user and interviewee Danielle, who is a Black, femme, trans woman. Softness is further anchored in femme literature through my conceptualization of softness as a theoretical position, one that marks a shift in existing femme theory. Softness is an aesthetic feature of femme Internet culture, but femme Internet culture is also structured by thematic elements I understand as soft. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent.
This iconic cover illustrates the classic femme negotiation of vulnerability, or the question of how to combine both hardness and softness: the knife and tough-looking black clothing contrast the abundance of exposed flesh, the particularly vulnerable inner thighs and particularly feminine cleavage. Soft aesthetics are visible in selfies, photographs, illustrations, and other graphics that are all common to femme Instagram.
Soft femme theory fills the gaps in femme theory left by critiques of existing femme identity theory that centers performance, irony, and the figure of the hard femme. Across queer subcultures, femme is understood as a mode of interpreting femininity queerly.
But I came to a place now where I feel like, you know, this is where I am, this is what I bring. Twenty years ago, the figure of the femme appeared on a book cover wielding a knife; more recently, the femme has appeared on Instagram crying in a Polly Pocket skirt. While I frame softness as an organizing component of femme digital culture, I also endeavor to show its value as a theoretical position given the broader social context.
The multimodal approach described by Hine is useful to frame my study, which considers Instagram—a visual and textual platform. What is being resisted is unclear, although the image was posted by an Instagram that focuses on femme healing, which suggests softness might be a way to resist further traumatization; it might be a way to recover, or a mode of survival.
It was so cool for me finally to be able to identify as [femme] and not feel any strings attached to it. The collaged entry is made of hand-drawn flowers, a pasted-on doily, and a combination of hand-drawn and magazine-clipped letters. For all of its gentleness, the turn to softness is framed as a radical movement, a movement to reclaim feminized qualities like softness, vulnerability, and emotionality and feminized subjects like femmes as valuable—a quintessentially femme movement. I argue that soft femme is an aesthetic form and a theoretical position that expands the category of femme to be more inclusive of diverse subjects.
Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends.
You are beautiful. My goal for my overall project is to take femme Internet culture seriously to theorize its contributions to femme theory. Did you struggle to get access to this article? One such element of soft femme digital culture is healing.
In soft femme digital culture, the focus on emotionality and healing is framed as a mode of resistance to neoliberal calls for rationality and a certain kind of productivity. The theme of healing in soft femme digital culture opens up the category of femme to more capacious interpretations. The message of the text itself, like the other images collected here, refutes the assumption that softness is weakness, and in fact, takes this sentiment further by calling softness an act of resistance. I will then discuss how the discourse of softness in femme Internet culture creates a more capacious definition of femme and, through reclaiming feminized traits beyond the ornamental, makes a ificant contribution to femme theory.
ificantly, the images described here were posted by both White femmes and femmes of color, aling that despite how softness or femininity may be culturally coded, it is accessed by both racialized and White femmes. You light up my world.
Does anyone else here identify as hard femme? is that still a thing in the year of our lord ?
Femme-inist ethnography also enables collaborative methods, which question the hierarchy between the researcher and their informants Dahl, Collaborative methods mean understanding subjects not just as informants, but as experts and co-producers of theory Dahl, As a queer, femme-identified person, I am positioned as an insider in the culture I am studying. Here, hard, I focus on non-selfie images. Below, I offer a close reading of three images from my study.
And I just tap into that energy, you feel me? Blurring the lines between researcher and participant is not unusual in studies of queer subcultures Halberstam, or in online ethnographies Hine,p. They also share symbolic references of softness, like flowers and girlhood, which solidify the relationship between softness and femininity.
In this way, soft femme digital culture does not exist outside of neoliberalism or soft even in full resistance to its forces; these tenets of soft femme digital culture can be understood as evidence of the ongoing negotiation of neoliberalism, feminism, and queer resistance undertaken by femmes in digital culture. Through the discourse of softness, femme becomes something one can be like, rather than something one just looks like.
The cover image is a photograph of a femme sitting on a chair, wearing tight, black clothing, and stabbing a knife into the seat between her legs. This image is aesthetically soft: the colors are pastel, the contrast is low so the letters are almost indistinguishable against the background, and the text is repeated, like a mantra.
Through an analysis of Instagram images and interviews with femmes, I develop an understanding of softness as a combination of emotionality, vulnerability, relationality, and hyperfemininity. The use of blank or butch space increases the soothing quality of the composition. Online researchers have developed nuanced guidelines to navigate Internet privacy. Stay dreamy and femme [.
The message in the text dispels the myth that crying and toughness are mutually exclusive, which emphasizes the acceptability of emotionality and resists the disavowal of emotional sensitivity dictated by neoliberal, masculinist logics.
And also, it takes it out of this really, kind of essentialist notion that to be femme is to be a woman. Femme sexuality has also been understood as a source of empowerment or healing, especially for women who have experienced sexual trauma or have been urged to repress their queer sexual appetite under heteropatriarchal rules Albrecht-Samarasinha, ; Cvetkovich, Recently, however, femme has started to appear differently on many Instagram s.
My interest in this research project began with my own participation in femme Internet culture on various platforms, a digital culture that I grew to understand as a rich space of knowledge and cultural production. Utilizing low theory as a framework enables me to take the Internet—and femme—seriously as a site of cultural and knowledge production.
Types of lesbians
You are important. For Danielle, doing this healing work prompted a shift in how she conceptualizes not her own identity, but in how she conceptualizes femme identity as a whole; affirming her femme identity despite being unable to attain an idealized standard of femme-inine beauty meant conceptualizing femme as an innate way of being—an energy—rather than a way of presenting.
Racialized women, especially Black women, have historically been excluded from the Western definition of womanhood and femininity Collins,A. Davis, ; hooks,so for racialized and Black femmes not all of whom identify as womenclaiming softness is an especially radical move. However, as some of my participants wanted to remain anonymous, and others have since changed their usernames, I have ased pseudonyms to my interview participants here, since I am unable to cite them properly.
They say. The masculinist status quo is also resisted through the discourse of softness. Femme, then, becomes something one can feel like, rather than something one must look like. Technology, perhaps especially social media, has had a great impact on cultures of gender and sexuality. Femme is self identification. This product could help you.
Jaye says these affirmations emerged out of a personal goal to locate their sense of worth, value, and attractiveness in how they perceive and treat themselves, rather than how others react to or perceive them, and now they offer these affirmations to themselves and to others by posting them publicly.
How online communities, including those based around particular genders or sexualities, engage with the specific features of a given platform is often what le to defining the bounds of that community and the norms of its digital culture see, for example, Baym, For example, Kanai studied a series. In femme Internet culture, softness is posited as a form of resistance to neoliberal and masculinist ideals. Through sharing my findings, I show how softness is a strategy used to engage in the femme negotiation of vulnerability, to create a discourse of healing, and to pose a challenge to masculinist and neoliberal norms.
While softness certainly surfaces in offline femme culture, I focus here on the soft femme digital culture on Instagram. The figure is cast in dark shadows and the image itself is sharp and highly contrasted. The proliferation of soft aesthetics in femme Internet culture matches general trends across the platform; Leaver et al. I argue that an orientation toward softness shifts the parameters through which we understand femme: it makes femme a more inclusive category, one better able to encompass the diverse and intersectional lives and bodies that dwell within it.
Soft aesthetics also look like displaying emotional reactions, like taking a photo while crying or embracing the self or another person. For me at first it came from a place of longing.
Want to hear more from stonewall?
I collected three types of data: notes on my observations, screen captures of posts, and interviews with seven femme Instagram operators that I solicited through my researcher. Lee et al. In addition to soft aesthetics, this image demonstrates a discourse of healing which is central to soft femme digital culture. Social media has given rise to new cultures of gender and sexuality, as well as increased the visibility of marginalized genders and sexualities.
The images in soft femme digital culture share a of soft visual strategies, like ample negative space, pastel colors, and low contrast. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. The theme of healing reveals itself in another image: a multi-panel image of white text on alternating pastel-colored backgrounds in pink, peach, green, blue, and purple.